What is Oculoplastic Surgery?
Oculoplastic surgery is reconstructive and aesthetic eyelid and facial plastic surgery. It is a specialized extension of ophthalmology that emphasizes on the treatment of eyelid abnormalities, tearing problems, and orbital disease, which includes trauma to the eye socket and thyroid eye disease.
Oculoplastic surgery is a super specialty required great hard work and precision. Many surgeons perform these oculoplastic surgeries, but given the complexity of the anatomy of the eye, only very experienced surgeons should carry out the procedures.
Who is an Oculoplastic surgeon?
Oculoplastic surgeons are surgeons who not only study ophthalmology but undergo additional training specific to procedures pertaining to the eyes. This makes them highly qualified to address abnormal eyelid problems, asymmetry and perform reconstruction of the lids following skin cancer removal, burns, or trauma.
Some of the surgeries conducted by oculoplastic surgeons include simpler eyelid malposition to more complicated reconstructive procedures involving the eyelids, cheeks, forehead etc.
Some of the disorders treated by an Oculoplastic Surgeon in Indore:
Through cosmetic eyelid surgery, fatty bags under the eyes, excess skin and fat of the upper eyelids, and drooping eyebrows can be effectively improved.
Droopy eyelid: With age, eyelid skin can loosen and sag. This hanging skin can give the lids a capped appearance and cause obstruction of the vision. From an aesthetic point, this loose skin can make one look older or more tired than they are. It can also interfere with makeup. Loose and sagging skin can be due to hereditary factors, allergies, prolonged exposure to sun rays etc.
Hanging eyelid skin, also called pseudo ptosis, or dermatochalasis, can be removed with surgery. This procedure, called a blepharoplasty, or eyelift, is done as an outpatient procedure under anesthesia. The excess skin and fat is removed as needed. Incisions are placed in the natural crease of the eyelid. These incisions are nearly invisible after a few months after surgery.
Eyebrow lift: Just like your eyelids, eyebrows can droop, too. Sometimes heavy brows can contribute to visual loss. Often, eye brow lifts are performed with other eyelid procedures to further enhance the overall appearance of the face and reduce forehead lines. Incisions may be placed behind the hairline or hidden directly above the eyebrow hairs. These incisions are hardly visible.
Baggy eyelids: Excessive skin, fat and aging in the upper or lower eyelid are sometimes referred to as “puffy” or “heavy” eyelids. While some people are born with heavy eyelids others may develop excess skin and puffiness as a result of the sun exposure, aging or injury. Blepharoplasty is the name of the surgery that is performed to remove excess skin and fat of the eyelids to improve appearance.
Eyelid skin tumors: Skin cancer is a common problem and often affects the eyelids. Several different kinds of cancer exist, but Basal Cell Carcinoma is by far one of the most common of them. This cancer grows slowly and rarely spreads. Removal of the cancer with reconstruction is needed to treat the lesion and obtain a cure.
Treatments are available for eye, eyelid and orbit tumors, but if you suspect an eye tumor, then seek professional help. If eye tumors run in your family, you should have regular eye examinations.
Watery eyes: Eyes that continually water may be making too many tears or that has damage to the lacrimal drainage system, the part of the eye that is responsible for collecting and draining tears. However, the tear ducts that make up the lacrimal drainage system can sometimes become blocked. This may be caused by an injury, infection or aging.
Bulging eyes: When your eyeball is pushed forward, an abnormal amount of the white portion of your eye is exposed. Abnormal growth or swelling behind the eye can lead to the bulging of the white portion of the eyes. This condition can cause dryness in the eyes and the patient may experience blurry vision, double vision etc. The eyelid may not close properly leading to great discomfort to the patient.
The most common cause of bulging eyes is Graves’ disease, a type of hyperthyroidism. Other causes may be eye tumors or an eye infection.
To ensure that the best results are achieved, one must consult a reputed and experienced doctor.
Dr. Debraj Shome is considered to be one of the best plastic surgeons in Indore and in India. Dr. Shome has acquired his training and fellowship in oculoplastic surgery from some of the best institutes in the world.
He has been honored with many awards such as ‘Top 10 Cosmetic Surgeons in India’, ‘Best Oculoplastic Surgeon India’, ‘Marquis Who’s Who’, ‘Celebrity Plastic Surgeon in World’, ‘Marquis Who’s Who Asia Pacific’ etc for his excellence in the plastic surgery.